The Federal Leaders’ Debate: The French Language and Bills 21 and 96 in Quebec – September 15, 2021

September 15, 2021


A web survey was conducted among 1,000 Canadians aged 18 and over. Respondents had to be able to communicate in French or English and were recruited through the LEO online panel.

It is not possible to calculate a margin of error on a panel sample. However, as a comparison, the maximum margin of error for a 1,000 respondent sample is ±3.1%, 19 times out of 20.

The results were weighted by gender, age, first language, region, education and presence of children in the household to ensure a representative sample of the Canadian population.

The results presented in this study comply with the public opinion research standards and disclosure requirements of the CRIC (Canadian Marketing Research and Intelligence Council) and the ESOMAR global network.


  • In your opinion, is the French language under threat in Canada?
  • Are you in favour or against banning visible religious symbols being worn by public sector employees in positions of authority (police officers, judges, and elementary and secondary school teachers) in your province?
  • Do you believe that Bill 96 on the protection of the French language in Quebec and Bill 21 on the laicity of the State are discriminatory and marginalize religious minorities, Anglophones and Allophones in Quebec?
  • Do you think criticisms and attacks against Quebec (Quebec bashing) are an important or not important issue in Canada today?

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